Journal of Environmental Treatment Techniques
2018, Volume 6, Issue 4, Pages: 72-73
J. Environ. Treat. Tech.
ISSN: 2309-1185
Journal weblink: http://www.jett.dormaj.com
Air Pollution and Infertility
Sanaz Alaee
Department of Reproductive Biology, School of Advanced Medical Sciences and Technologies, Shiraz University of Medical
Sciences, Shiraz, IR Iran
Received: 10/09/2018
Accepted: 09/11/2018
Published: 30/11/2018
1Scientific studies demonstrated that environmental
miscarriage. Although most studies focuses on male gametes
factors have a significant effect on people’s health
[1].
due to its easy accessibility, there are some published
Notwithstanding the growing interest in evaluating effects of
researches involving females one. Hormonal disturbances,
environmental factors on the human health status, higher
oxidative stress induction, cell DNA and epigenetic
attention must be focused on evaluating the effects of air
alterations, separated or combined, are considered as
pollution on human’s health. Nowadays, the air pollution
mechanisms of air pollutants for causing infertility. Reports
phenomenon is a global issue which is associated to
showed that some of the VOCs such as
1,1,1-
pathogenesis of a vast variety of diseases. The results of
trichloroethane,
1,1,2,2-tetrachloroethane,
1,1-
studies have showed a statistical association between
dichloroethylene,
1,2-dichloroethane1,
2-dichloropropane,
contacts to air pollutants and the expansion of diseases such
acrylonitrile, benzene and acetone has several negative
as cancer, cardiovascular disease and reproductive system
effects on the human reproduction system ]16[. The effect of
dysfunction [2-6]. Adverse effects of air pollution on the
indoor and outdoor air pollution on human reproductive
occurrence of health problems have been extracted from a
system has been an interesting topic for a wide verity of
variety of studies evaluated the short and long term exposure
studies and policy analysts [16-18]. Several epidemiological
of individuals to different level of air pollutants as well as
researches can be found that have studied the increased risk
gender specific effects [7].
Air pollutants such as nitrogen
of infertility from living in an urban areas due to a higher air
oxides (NOx) or sulfur oxides (SOx) can produce acid rain
pollution exposure [19]. Generally, such studies demonstrate
and lead to destruction of buildings and machinery, and
a high risk for infertility problems in urban areas compared
damage to plants and aquatic ecosystems ]8[. Particulate
to nonurban ones
[20]. Such reports emphasize the
matter which known as PM are another air pollutants that
importance of air pollution control to reduce infertility risk
have destructive effects on human respiratory system [9].
in urban areas. Therefore increasing the awareness of people,
Another category of airborne pollutants known as volatile
infertility specialist and public authorities is essential to limit
organic compounds (VOCs) include hazardous pollutants
air pollutants and its negative effects on fertility as much as
such as benzene and vinyl chloride, which are poisonous and
possible.
carcinogenic ]11 ,10[.
Hundreds of VOCs are produced by biochemical
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Corresponding author: Sanaz Alaee, Department of
Reproductive Biology, School of Advanced Medical
Sciences and Technologies, Shiraz University of Medical
Sciences, Shiraz, IR Iran. E-mail: alaee@sumc.ac.ir
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