Journal of Environmental Treatment Techniques  
2020, Volume 8, Issue 2, Pages: 839-842  
J. Environ. Treat. Tech.  
ISSN: 2309-1185  
Journal web link: http://www.jett.dormaj.com  
General analysis of the Application of the  
Architectural Bionics in the Renovation and  
Reconstruction of Building Objects  
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P.V. Rozhkov *, V. I. Prokopenko , I.A. Purikova , S.V. Tertitsa , Yu.S. Dimitryuk  
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Department of industrial technologies, Russian Technological University, MIREA branch in Stavropol, 8 Kulakov avn., 355029, Stavropol, Russia  
Department of construction and welding production, SAEI HPT Nevinnomyssk State Humanitarian and Technical Institute, 17 Mira blvrd, 357108,  
Nevinnomyssk, Russia  
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Received: 18/02/2020  
Accepted: 28/04/2020  
Published: 20/02/2020  
Abstract  
Bionic architecture brings new horizons to human beings that can be used to sustain and reduce environmental damage. Another  
advantage of Bionic architecture is that it utilizes natural biological methods to solve design problems in modern life. The aim of this paper  
is to discuss the general concepts of architectural bionics and environmental renovation of construction sites, analyses the stages of  
formation and development of these areas in the context of modern trends in the sustainable development of the North Caucasian territories.  
So, we have… As it observed, architectural and bionics practice gives rise to unusual architectural forms that can be considered original  
in their aesthetic qualities, while the functional and strength qualities are not lost. Moreover, trends in the modern construction industry  
are reduced to that the design and reconstruction of buildings are advisable within the framework of the environmentally friendly concept  
so that energy sources must be renewable, and the object used in construction, itself becomes part of the environment. It can be concluded  
that an environmentally-oriented approach to changes in urban infrastructure as a method of updating and modernization is becoming a  
priority in the construction industry of the North Caucasus region.  
Keywords: Architectural Bionics, Renovation, Reconstruction, Environmentally Friendly Construction, North Caucasus  
Introduction1  
item and make the procedure that enduring [5]. Scientists  
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checked on the field of structural bionics and its verifiable  
foundation. They built up how different practical components of  
live structures, nature overall, and building shape development  
collaborate and connect. Furthermore, the essential elements,  
impacting the shape framing components of the design structure,  
were distinguished and the he primary terms, related with bionic  
shape development, were demonstrated. Finally, the  
improvement of the bionic building style was studied [6]. The  
laws of formation of living organisms, their structure, design  
features and principles of operation in the design of structures  
and constructions has been studied considering different areas  
of bionics. Particular attention is paid to architectural bionics in  
terms of the choice of optimal design. They concluded that the  
combination of bionic principles and optimization methods  
creates the basis for developments of bionic [7]. Biomimicry or  
gaining from nature in engineering is a strategy that means to  
build up a manageable plan answer for present day world  
difficulties by copying models, frameworks, and components of  
nature. A combination approach between both biomimicry and  
vernacular design in cutting edge engineering as  
Architects and building designers believe that nature-  
inspired designs can help reduce environmental damage from  
buildings. Jeronimidis believed that “Nature has provided us  
with the most versatile, practical, precise, harmless and  
environmentally friendly solutions. Just look carefully and  
identify them and then, with the technical understanding, apply  
them in the industry and give them a scientific perspective” [1].  
The issue of preserving and maintaining the ecological  
balance is acute around the world due to the growing man-made  
impact on the environment. In developing the concept of  
sustainable development of human settlements, the policies of  
many states are aimed at creating the most favourable conditions  
for society. One of the modern architectural directions is bionics.  
Creating a comfortable urban environment for life is a set of  
spatial tasks to be solved in the field of architecture and urban  
planning. Thus, the application of the ecologically oriented  
approach in this area is becoming logical. Almost all the  
innovations of architectural and urban planning policies with the  
prefix “eco” carry a social aspect that is closely intertwined with  
the economic one [2-4].  
"Vernomimicry" was utilized to apply nature based and nature  
From the earliest starting point, people have looked to  
motivate nature and the earth around them to assemble and plan  
their own places and gadgets. Meanwhile, bionic is a science that  
can tackle specialized and auxiliary issues in an organic manner,  
at the end of the day, it can rouse living examples. Furthermore,  
right now, engineering can impact the nature of the completed  
like arrangements in engineering effectively [8].  
After World War II and the beginning of the sixties of the  
twentieth century, logical trades among regular and specialized  
sciences prospered. During a gathering in Ohio, sorted out by  
the US Air Force in 1960, a word called "bionic" was first  
Corresponding author: P.V. Rozhkov, Department of industrial technologies, Russian Technological University, MIREA branch in  
Stavropol, 8 Kulakov avn., 355029, Stavropol, Russia. E-mail: rozhkov09.07@yandex.ru,  
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Journal of Environmental Treatment Techniques  
2020, Volume 8, Issue 2, Pages: 839-842  
presented. Bionic initially took a gander at machines that were  
planned and based on live frameworks, and now Bionic is about  
the craft of applying live frameworks information to taking care  
of specialized issues. Building inspiration is one of the  
tendencies of bionic architecture that the designers of the field  
achieve due to the strength of the structure for breathing, through  
straight lines or pure curves and a slow induction of structural  
integrity. The most important thing about bionic architecture is  
that the building can induce its viability. The point of this paper  
is to examine the general ideas of compositional bionics and  
natural redesign of building locales, investigations the phases of  
arrangement and improvement of these zones with regards to  
present day inclines in the practical advancement of the North  
Caucasian regions. For this purpose,  
Bionic is derived from the Greek word bion, meaning the  
unit of life. Others see the term as a combination of biology and  
electronics. The idea of using natural patterns in modern  
technology seems to work very well because these patterns have  
evolved and are unique in every respect. Bionic architecture is a  
method for plan wherein the making of compositional spaces  
with mechanical methodology and supportability is done from  
the method for development and arrangement, vitality supply  
and digestion, the method for the appropriation of powers, and  
etc. in living organs. This combination of biology and  
technology has enabled new innovations in energy production,  
ecological support and economic-ecological programs [1, 3].  
Architectural-bionic science is a synthesis of relevant  
practice and theory. If the architectural-bionic practice is a  
process of using the shaping laws from living nature, which has  
occurred and is often happening intuitively, unconsciously, then  
architectural-bionic science is aware of this process and directs  
it according to the laws of modern construction and architectural  
practice. Architects emphasize that the use of designs on nature  
and natural patterns is a vital and economically viable issue.  
With a new approach to design and architecture, these architects  
are trying to bring the artificial environment and nature together.  
Bionic architecture is not limited to the use of natural elements  
in architecture, but rather the rules within the natural  
components of the organism's body structure to the molecular  
arrangement of viruses to create habitable spaces for humans.  
Architects aim to enter the bionic world of innovation in  
architecture. By exploring common areas between architecture  
and biology, architects seek to identify suitable patterns and  
discover novel ideas and transfer biological properties to  
architecture. Transferring biological criteria to architecture  
requires consideration of common areas of architecture and  
biology. Their goal is to use bionics as a tool in architectural  
design. It is obvious that common issues in architecture and  
biology have not yet been fully explored. Many researchers  
around the world are investigating and discovering these  
commonalities, which many of them have led to successful  
architectural advances. Previous studies indicated that solving  
some of the architectural issues is only through innovative  
solutions. Nature-inspired patterns can give rise to creativity and  
innovation in the mind of an architect. The first step is to apply  
biology to architecture or, in other words, to bionics in  
architecture when a project requires sensory innovation.  
Especially in cases like: (a) architectural design for new  
environments; (b) architectural design for the renovation; (c)  
problems that cannot be solved by common knowledge; and (d)  
better communication between architecture and the  
environment.  
It is expected that a naturally arranged way to deal with  
changes in urban foundation as a strategy for refreshing and  
modernization is turning into a need in the development business  
of the North Caucasus area.  
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Methodology  
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.1 Architectural-bionic  
Bionics, also called biometrics or bioengineering, is the  
application of systems and biological methods found in the  
nature to modern systems engineering and technologies.  
Sometimes, bionics is considered as the art of applying live  
systems knowledge to solve new technology problems. It is  
believed that nature produces products without contamination  
that perform far better than human handmade products [9]. Some  
of the features of nature to the model include: (a) moving on to  
more optimization and effectiveness; (b) less energy use and  
higher efficiency; (c) less agglomeration and outflow of  
materials; (d) evolutionary growth and adaptability; and (f) self-  
organizing. Also, there is consensus that bionics could be  
structured in terms of applied analogical research into three main  
areas:  
Construction bionics: structures of nature;  
Processing bionics: methods and processes of nature;  
Information bionics: means of data transfer,  
developmental, and evolutionary strategies  
In a more detailed fashion, this classification may be  
further refined according to certain fields of applications (Fig.  
).  
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.2 Renovation  
The society and civilization development level require new  
conditions for the formation of the urban environment; the old  
methods of forming cities are beginning to become obsolete. In  
modern construction, various approaches to the transformation  
of cities are used - reconstruction, renovation, modernization, re-  
functioning, and revaluation. Renovation, as the most humane  
approach to the transformation of the urban environment in its  
essence, allows implementing environmentally friendly  
principles to a greater extent among all methods.  
Application of architectural bionics to urban renovation  
territories is exclusively focused on increasing their social value,  
creating environmentally safe and comfortable conditions for  
residents to stay at all levels of life in a city. Thus, environmental  
renovation is such an approach to transforming the urban  
environment that unites people and wildlife, creating  
environmentally friendly living conditions for the urban  
Figure 1: Bionics its main areas and fields of applications  
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