Journal of Environmental Treatment Techniques  
2020, Volume 8, Issue 2, Pages: 727-734  
J. Environ. Treat. Tech.  
ISSN: 2309-1185  
Journal web link: http://www.jett.dormaj.com  
Logistics Linking Territories - Producers of Raw  
Materials and Territories - Producers of Final  
Products  
1
2
3
Shegelman I. R. *, Vasilev A. S. , Krupko A. M.  
1
Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, Cross-cutting technology and economic security, Petrozavodsk State University (PSU), 33, Lenina pr.,  
85910, Petrozavodsk, Republic of Karelia, Russia  
1
2
Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor, Technologies and organizations of the forest complex, Petrozavodsk State University (PSU), 33,  
Lenina pr., 185910, Petrozavodsk, Republic of Karelia, Russia  
3
Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor, Mathematical Analysis, Petrozavodsk State University (PSU), 33, Lenina pr., 185910,  
Petrozavodsk, Republic of Karelia, Russia  
Received: 20/12/2019  
Accepted: 19/03/2020  
Published: 20/02/2020  
Abstract  
Logistics, linking territories - producers of raw materials and territories - producers of final products, is considered as the logistics  
of an end-to-end technological process, reflecting the interconnection of technological operations of production of raw materials,  
formation of stocks, their transportation, processing of raw materials and production of final products from it with its subsequent launch  
on the market. It is shown that such cross-cutting processes are characteristic of a number of sectors of the economy and the agro-  
industrial complex, including agriculture and food industry, logging and deep processing of wood, metallurgy and machine building, the  
generation of nuclear fuel waste, their packaging, transportation and storage. Such cross-cutting processes have a special role for the  
Russian economy, the effective development of which necessitates its provision with scientifically sound logistic territorial inter-regional  
and global world ties. At the same time, cross-cutting technological processes in agriculture and the food industry, which are necessary  
for the production of functional food products that increase the food security of the northern territories of Russia, are of particular  
importance. In this regard, the present work considers the solution of logistics problems using the example of the production of  
agricultural food products, their transportation, processing and production of functional food products. Recommendations have been  
developed to improve these problems.  
Keywords: Safety of the northern territories, Forestry, Logistics, Nuclear fuel waste, Agricultural food raw materials, End-to-end  
technological process, Functional food products  
Introduction1  
generation of nuclear fuel waste, their packaging,  
1
transportation and storage. In the authors' studies, it was shown  
that among the listed areas, solving the problems of logistics  
and organizing end-to-end technological processes in  
agriculture and the food industry is of particular importance to  
improve the food security of the northern territories of Russia.  
In this regard, the present work considers the solution of  
logistics problems using the example of the production of  
agricultural food products, their transportation, processing and  
production of functional food products. Recommendations  
have been developed on linking territories - producers of raw  
materials and territories - producers of final products,  
improving logistics of end-to-end technological processes,  
ensuring effective interconnection of technological operations  
of raw materials production, stockpiling, transportation,  
processing of raw materials and production of final products  
from it with its subsequent launch on the market.  
In recent years, in Russia and in foreign countries, in  
relation to various industries, more and more attention has been  
paid to improving logistics. The analysis showed that the well-  
known studies do not pay enough attention to the problems of  
logistics, linking the territories - the producers of raw materials  
and the territories - the producers of the final product in the  
enormous territories of the Russian Federation. Under these  
conditions, there is a need to consider logistics as an end-to-end  
technological process, reflecting the interconnection of  
technological operations of the production of raw materials,  
stockpiling, their transportation, processing of raw materials  
and production of the final product from it with its subsequent  
launch on the market. Such end-to-end processes are  
characteristic of a number of industries. Such cross-cutting  
processes have a special role for the Russian economy, the  
effective development of which necessitates its provision with  
scientifically sound logistic territorial inter-regional and global  
world ties. The authors' studies were based on the experience  
of substantiating logistics and the formation of end-to-end  
technological processes in the fields of agriculture and food  
industry, forestry, metallurgy and machine building, the  
2 Literature Review  
In recent years, in Russia and in foreign countries, in  
relation to various industries, increasing attention has been paid  
to improving logistics (24, 35, 45, 46, 47, 49, 64). At the same  
Corresponding author: Shegelman I. R., Doctor of Technical  
Sciences, Professor, Cross-cutting technology and economic  
security, Petrozavodsk State University (PSU), 33, Lenina pr.,  
185910, Petrozavodsk, Republic of Karelia, Russia. E-mail:  
education.com.ru@gmail.com.  
7
27  
Journal of Environmental Treatment Techniques  
2020, Volume 8, Issue 2, Pages: 727-734  
time, experts note that logistics has a strategically important  
role due to the fact that the most effective logistics solutions  
minimize costs and optimize delivery times and their level (33,  
rationale for logistics and the formation of end-to-end  
technological processes in the field of agriculture and food  
industry, forestry and wood processing, metallurgy and  
machine building, and spent nuclear fuel management. As the  
materials used in these studies, the research and development  
carried out in recent years aimed at studying both through  
technological processes and their individual technological  
operations in various sectors of the economy and agriculture are  
considered. At the same time, the problem finally considered in  
the field of harvesting agricultural food products and the  
production of functional food products has not been resolved.  
All this necessitates a thorough study of the state and  
scientific substantiation of effective ways to solve logistics  
problems using the example of harvesting agricultural food  
products, their transportation, processing and production of  
functional food products to improve the food security of the  
population of the northern territories of Russia. To achieve this  
goal, it is necessary to study, review and use information-  
analytical search materials. The result of this work should be  
the development on the example of the production of  
agricultural food products and the production of functional food  
products of recommendations for linking territories - producers  
of raw materials and territories - producers of final products,  
improving logistics of end-to-end technological processes,  
ensuring effective interconnection of technological operations  
of raw materials production, stockpiling, and their  
transportation, processing of raw materials and production of  
final products from it, followed by its market launch.  
4
0). As O.A. Oryol notes (2006), changes in the understanding  
of logistics activities over the past decades lies in its  
transformation into activities aimed at the benefit of the client,  
customer service.  
It should be borne in mind that in logistics the transport  
system is a single complex uniting the entire economy of the  
country. Transport does not produce marketable products, but  
only participates in its creation. This participation is included  
in the cost of production. Transport regulates the course and  
uniformity of development of production relations and the  
distribution of resources in accordance with the demand for  
them. Having isolated itself, transport as a service production  
sector ensures the functioning of the following technological  
chain: place of production of finished products - transportation  
of finished products in space and time - place of consumption  
of finished products. About 12% of the country's fixed assets  
account for transport fixed assets; 2 million 800 thousand  
people work here, or about 6% of the workers employed in the  
economy. The share of transport services in the global gross  
product over the past 50 years has increased from 5 to 10% (36).  
The logistic description of the end-to-end process dictates the  
need for system analysis and, in particular, the construction of  
logical models. By the end-to-end technological process, we  
mean the totality of the technological processes of the  
procurement (extraction), transportation and processing of raw  
materials (semi-finished products), interlinked by means of  
labor at the input and output of processes determined by the  
place of operations, as well as the technical means used. Recent  
research in the field of end-to-end technological processes, as  
well as analysis of sources (1, 3, 4, 5, 11) shows the feasibility  
of such an approach to the description of such technological  
processes.  
3
Materials and Methods  
The aim of the study is to develop recommendations for  
improving logistics, linking territories - producers of raw  
materials and territories - manufacturers of final products  
within the framework of a single end-to-end technological  
processes. The methodology provided for the study and  
analysis of logistics of end-to-end technological processes that  
reflect the interconnectedness of technological operations  
carried out in the geographically distributed territories of the  
Russian Federation for the production of raw materials, the  
formation of reserves, their transportation, processing of raw  
materials and the production of final products from it with its  
subsequent launch on the market. As the materials used, the  
studies carried out in recent years aimed at studying both  
through technological processes and their individual  
technological operations in various sectors of the economy and  
agriculture are considered. To achieve this goal, the materials  
of information-analytical search were studied, reviewed and  
used. The analysis showed the need to develop a methodology  
for the implementation of end-to-end technological processes  
to increase the efficiency of logistics in the field of agriculture  
and food industry, logging and deep processing of wood,  
transportation and storage of spent nuclear fuel. The allocation  
of these areas within the framework of the formulated  
methodology is due to the fact that logistics and end-to-end  
technological processes in these areas differ in the following:  
In recent years, there has been an active development of  
logistics in research and applied development (42, 53, 57, 59).  
The analysis shows that the market of transport and logistics  
services in Russia is relatively young, however, it has  
tendencies for rapid development, since it ensures the  
interconnection of Russian regions with each other and with  
other countries. Outsourcing occupies an important place  
among the promising methods of reducing logistics costs (25,  
5
1, 52, 55, 62). Effective outsourcing allows logistic customers  
to concentrate on their core business. Logistics themselves  
outsourcing individual logistics operations allows us to develop  
the core competency in logistics - supply chain management.  
In Shumaev V.A. (2012) (63) work, issues of applications  
of general, scientific, and practical logistics were considered.  
Logistics provides for an active response to market needs. It is  
noted that the globalization of the world economy determines  
the intensive growth of cargo transportation (37, 38, 58). The  
effectiveness of logistics at enterprises of various business  
entities is relevant for almost every business entity (56). The  
analysis showed that the well-known studies do not pay enough  
attention to the problems of logistics, linking the territories -  
the producers of raw materials and the territories - the producers  
of the final product in the enormous territories of the Russian  
Federation. Under these conditions, there is a need to consider  
logistics as an end-to-end technological process, reflecting the  
interconnection of technological operations of the production  
of raw materials, stockpiling, their transportation, processing of  
raw materials and production of the final product from it with  
its subsequent launch on the market. Such end-to-end processes  
are characteristic of a number of industries. Petrozavodsk State  
University, with the participation of the authors, conducted  
research based on the study and justification of the scientific  
-
In the field of agriculture and food industry, agricultural  
products are produced mainly in the most productive  
agricultural territories of the Russian Federation, and functional  
food products are produced in various regions of Russia (for  
example, Trade House Fair company in the Republic of  
Karelia). Moreover, it is the production and bringing to the  
shelves of functional food products that is the most important  
factor in improving the food security of the population of the  
northern territories of Russia (2, 8, 22, 27, 41). In the authors'  
studies, it was shown that among the listed areas, solving the  
problems of logistics and organizing end-to-end technological  
processes in agriculture and the food industry, solving the  
7
28  
Journal of Environmental Treatment Techniques  
2020, Volume 8, Issue 2, Pages: 727-734  
problems of improving food security in the northern territories  
of Russia are of particular importance.  
production facility for the production of functional products  
competitive in the domestic and foreign markets. It also worked  
out the modes and parameters of such production. This  
enterprise should provide with these products not only the  
Republic of Karelia in whose territory it is located, but also  
provide them with adjacent regions of the North of Russia (in  
our case, the North-West Federal District of the Russian  
Federation.) Solving the problems of business development  
LLC Trade House Yarmarka should, using the one formed with  
the participation of in the implementation of the project, the  
scientific basis was to increase the volumes of supplies of its  
products to the markets of Russia and abroad. PetrSU after  
completion of the project should develop recommendations for  
the creation of such basic enterprises in the Federal Districts of  
the North of Russia.  
-
In the field of the forest industry, logging is carried out  
by various geographically distributed logging enterprises in the  
country's forest regions and large forest holdings, and deep  
processing of wood with the production of pulp and paper  
products, sawmills, wood-based panels and other timber is  
carried out located at a considerable distance from the logging  
sites pulp and paper and woodworking enterprises (7, 9, 17, 61).  
-
In the field of metallurgy and mechanical engineering, in  
which ore is mined, metals are smelted, metal products are  
manufactured, they are delivered to various machine-building  
enterprises, the production of modern machine-building  
products, their acquisition in complex modern technological  
lines and production (nuclear and heat power stations, mining  
enterprises, pulp and paper enterprises, etc.) (6, 21, 32, 44, 48).  
-
In the field of the generation of nuclear fuel wastes at  
4
Results and Discussion  
nuclear power plants, their safe packaging for transportation  
and storage, these wastes are generated at various nuclear  
energy enterprises, then they are packaged in transport and  
packaging containers, sometimes transported over considerable  
distances, and then placed in specialized storage facilities or  
carried out their recycling (10, 28, 31, 43).  
Natural factors have a continuous and diverse impact on  
human health in the North and the Arctic. It should be borne in  
mind that climate and weather conditions determine the mental  
and physical condition of a person in the Arctic, as well as the  
course of somatic and epidemiological diseases. In the works  
(12, 13, 14, 29) analyzed data on the influence of external  
-
Given the breadth of application of end-to-end  
climatic factors on human health. In particular, it is noted that  
the physical nature and biological effect of geomagnetic  
disturbances should be attributed to the most specific for the  
regions of the Arctic. Solar radiation has a direct effect on the  
cardiovascular system, immunbiological reactivity and  
leukocyte metabolism. Even weakly perturbed magnetic fields  
can cause the activation of the formation of free radicals in  
blood cells. With prolonged exposure to a person of a complex  
of factors of the Far North, there is a restructuring of the  
functioning of the circulatory system, which consists in  
reducing the systolic function of the left ventricle, increasing  
systolic pressure in the pulmonary artery. Respiratory organs  
undergo a deep adaptive restructuring.  
The specifics of the geographical location of the Northern  
territories of the Russian Federation, their location, colossal  
area and length, of course, affect the specifics of organizing  
logistics chains for the procurement and supply of raw  
materials, as an element of end-to-end technologies for the  
production of functional food products, for the regions of the  
country located on these territories. These specifics are affected  
by:  
technological processes, as well as their individual  
technological operations in various sectors of the economy and  
agriculture, at this stage of the research, within the framework  
of the methodology used, the logistics and end-to-end  
technological processes in the agro-industrial complex,  
agriculture and food industry necessary for production are  
accepted functional foods that increase food security in the  
northern territories of Russia. The studies took into account that  
the regions of Russia are located in completely different natural  
and climatic zones of the country (16, 19). Therefore, when  
choosing research directions for various aspects of economic  
security, including food security, it is necessary to fully take  
into account the specifics of the territories of these regions. This  
specificity includes natural resources, demographic and  
personnel transformations, climatic conditions, the presence  
and prospects for the development of the economy and  
industry, the potential for implementing large-scale investment  
projects (including with the involvement of foreign investors),  
the state of transport infrastructure, etc. It is taken into account  
that the territories the northern regions of Russia (in recent  
years, including the Arctic), are beginning to influence an  
increasing role in the development of the country's economy by  
expanding the development in these territories of unique  
resources (mineral, forestry, fishery and others.). These regions  
are leaders in the country in the field of oil, natural gas, apatite  
and nepheline concentrates, production of industrial wood,  
lumber, plywood, pulp, paper, and cardboard. They are also  
leaders in the procurement of gold and diamonds, vein quartz  
and mica, nickel, tin, cobalt, platinum group metals, diamonds,  
furs, furs, etc.  
-
On the one hand, the most difficult natural and climatic  
conditions for living, eating, working, resting, restoring the  
energy expended;  
-
On the other hand, colossal natural resources located in  
these territories, including the Arctic, are extremely necessary  
both for the domestic market and to a large extent determine  
the country's export potential.  
Experts note that in the North there is a reduced level of  
essential chemical elements (calcium, magnesium, phosphorus,  
iodine, iron, selenium, cobalt, copper and zinc) in podzolic soils  
and drinking water, this has a negative effect on mineral  
metabolism. At lower temperatures and reduced insolation,  
there is an increased need for calcium, magnesium, phosphorus,  
iron, selenium, and copper. The above problems develop  
hidden and pronounced forms of microelement imbalance  
among residents of the North: iron deficiency states (caused by  
deficiency of iron, cobalt, fluorine, magnesium, calcium),  
impaired functioning of the immune system (due to deficiency  
of selenium, zinc, iodine, calcium), arthrosis (violation balance  
of calcium, silicon, strontium), urolithiasis (excess calcium and  
silicon), hypertension (deficiency of magnesium, calcium),  
caries (imbalance of calcium and fluoride), thyroid pathology  
The methodology provided a detailed analysis of the  
features of technological operations of end-to-end procurement  
technologies - transportation of agricultural food raw materials  
and the production of functional food products from it and  
development of recommendations for improving the  
production of functional food products that increase the food  
security of the northern territories of Russia. As part of the  
formation of logistically sound end-to-end technologies in  
accordance with the developed concept, the industrial partner  
of PetrSU LLC Trade House Yarmarka may become the base  
model enterprise for the production of functional products  
(
FPP) in the Northwestern Federal District (NWFD) of the  
Russian Federation. This enterprise has created a high-tech  
(imbalance of iodine, selenium, copper, manganese, cobalt,  
7
29  
Journal of Environmental Treatment Techniques  
2020, Volume 8, Issue 2, Pages: 727-734  
calcium, magnesium and zinc) (15, 22, 26, 34, 60). In order to  
avoid deficient states of macro- and microelements in the  
human body, it is necessary to carry out preventive measures  
aimed at balancing the chemical elements in the diet of  
northerners, taking into account their antagonistic and  
synergistic effects in a living organism in the Far North. Such  
preventive measures to reduce the deficiency of chemical  
elements, as well as a surplus of vitamins and minerals, can be  
created by the development and its introduction into the mass  
production of functional foods in the North of Russia. In this  
case, the range of capabilities of functional products is  
expanding, as the simplest and most accessible mechanisms to  
the possible satisfaction of all physiological needs of the body  
of nutrient status. Therefore, preference should be given to a  
functional product providing the physiological need of  
northerners.  
subsurface processing; presowing harrowing and cultivation; b)  
presowing tillage: harrowing; looping; cultivation; disking;  
rolling; 2. Sowing; 3. Harvesting: preparing fields for  
harvesting; harvest; grain transportation for current.  
Preliminary preparation of agricultural food raw  
materials: 1. Weighing; 2. Sampling for analysis; 3. Unloading  
and temporary storage; 4. Preliminary cleaning of a heap of  
grain; 5. Temporary storage pending drying; 6. drying; 7.  
Secondary treatment; 8. Purification of difficult to separate  
impurities; 9. Moisturizing; 10. Steaming; 11. Cooling; 12.  
Fractionation and sorting; 13. Peeling; 14. Grinding; 15.  
Grinding cereals; 16. Flaking cereals; 17. Storage; 18. Packing.  
Transportation: a) sea, rail, road, air; b) bulk, in shipping  
containers, in consumer packaging.  
Production of functional products: 1. Mixing components; 2.  
Packaging in consumer packaging; 3. Passing through a metal  
detector; 4. Weighing; 5. Sampling for analysis; 6. Labeling; 7.  
Packing in shipping containers; 8. Storage; 9. Transportation to  
a trading company.  
This determines the need to study the logistics chains of the  
procurement and supply of raw materials as an element of end-  
to-end technologies for the production of functional food  
products. These studies for the conditions of the North of the  
Russian Federation should take into account the general  
problems of food security in the country, innovative foreign  
experience, the specifics of the traditional diet of the population  
living in these territories, including changes in this diet that  
arose due to large-scale migration flows (for example, in the  
post-war years in the Republics Karelia and Komi, when the  
transition from seasonal workers to permanent workers was  
largely ensured by the influx of people from other regions of  
the USSR, including the Union republics of Ukraine Belarus).  
What is very important - it is necessary to take into account the  
specifics of living and working in the North of the Russian  
Federation. In addition, it is necessary to take into account the  
existing trends, according to which the population of these  
territories should be provided not only with the required  
physical volumes of food, but also provided with quality food.  
In our opinion, it was rightly noted in work (39) that  
interregional relations can be an important way to improve the  
food security of the northern territories. We believe that with  
regional ties being debugged with the support of the  
government of the constituent entities of the Federation, they  
will facilitate the supply to the north of Russia of high-quality  
food raw materials and food products from the regions  
producing food raw materials. It is necessary to study the  
logistic chains of the procurement and supply of food raw  
materials as elements of end-to-end technologies for the  
production of functional food products. These studies for the  
conditions of the North of the Russian Federation should take  
into account the general problems of food security in the  
country, innovative foreign experience, the specifics of the  
traditional diet of the population living in these territories,  
including changes in this diet that arose due to large-scale  
migration flows. For example, this happened in the post-war  
years in the Republics of Karelia and Komi, when the transition  
from seasonal workers to permanent workers was largely  
ensured by an influx of people from other regions of the USSR,  
including the Union republics of Ukraine and Belarus. What is  
very important - it is necessary to take into account the specifics  
of living and working in the North of the Russian Federation.  
In addition, it is necessary to take into account the existing  
trends, according to which the population of these territories  
should be provided not only with the required physical volumes  
of food, but also provided with quality food. Logistics of end-  
to-end technology for the preparation and transportation of food  
raw materials and the production of functional products  
includes the steps of:  
The analysis showed that when choosing suppliers of  
agricultural food raw materials in general, only the soils of the  
Southern, Central and Volga Federal Districts as a whole, due  
to soil conditions, are favorable for growing large amounts of  
agricultural crops here. Most agricultural holdings are located  
in the southern chernozem and southwestern parts of Russia, as  
well as in the Volga region and Altai. In these regions, the most  
favorable climatic conditions for the placement of farmland. It  
is recommended that suppliers of food raw materials, individual  
enterprises and agricultural holdings located on the lands of the  
Southern and Central Federal Districts be selected as suppliers  
of their main arable land. At the same time, in the territories of  
all the districts of Russia, drawing on the experience of Finland,  
it is recommended that ecologically safe areas be allocated for  
the production of “local” food agricultural products with their  
inclusion in the formulated FPP formulations.  
Studies of the length, density, technical condition and  
accessibility of roads have shown that the provision of  
agricultural areas with roads is necessary for the development  
of both rural areas as a whole and for the development of  
agriculture. Moreover, the state of road infrastructure is one of  
the main indicators of such development (50). Timely delivery  
of raw materials is largely necessary for the distribution of  
supplied resources (18). According to the research of the doctor  
of economic sciences, V. A. Verzilin (2013) (23), the role of  
transport in agricultural production is constantly increasing.  
Therefore, the rational use of transport in agriculture is of great  
importance. As noted in (20), it is necessary to increase the  
volume of financing for the construction and reconstruction of  
roads from 0.6% to 1.2-1.5% of GDP, which will allow the  
construction and reconstruction of about 400 thousand km of  
roads, as well as maintaining the existing network local roads  
in good condition. Based on this opinion, it can be concluded  
that the solution to the problem of developing a network of  
roads and their quality, taking into account the existing factors  
characterizing the development of road-building domestic  
equipment, to increase the economic affordability of  
agricultural products is quite real. Another important factor in  
solving these problems of increasing the economic affordability  
of food raw materials is that improving the quality of roads for  
transporting agricultural raw materials will in turn lead to an  
increase in the speed of vehicles moving along such roads. This,  
in turn, will shorten the duration of transportation of goods and,  
in turn, will reduce transport and technological and cost costs.  
Providing the population of Russia with food is of national  
importance (54). One of the most important tasks in this case is  
to increase the economic affordability of food raw materials. In  
the framework of these studies, it is necessary to note the  
Production of agricultural food raw materials: 1. Soil  
preparation: a) main processing: stubble peeling; plowing or  
7
30  
Journal of Environmental Treatment Techniques  
2020, Volume 8, Issue 2, Pages: 727-734  
proposals (30) on the need for economic incentives to stimulate  
transportation in agriculture. Thus, the cost of transportation is  
affected by the location of intermediate points and the storage  
time of food supplies and food raw materials. As a result of the  
technological process of storage, losses arise from non-  
compliance with the storage conditions of food raw materials  
and food products.  
out: Krasnodar Territory, and Voronezh Region, followed by  
Belgorod Region and Altai Territory. Also, a high level of  
presence is noted in the Lipetsk, Oryol, Tambov, Rostov  
regions, as well as the Moscow, Volgograd regions and the  
Stavropol Territory.  
Logistics should take into account that for the production  
of FPP within the framework of end-to-end technologies in the  
Northern territories of Russia, in particular in the NWFD of the  
Russian Federation, development of ecologically clean areas of  
agricultural and meat production, as well as the collection of  
wild plants of northern latitudes, breeding of northern animals,  
fish farming and fish farming using this product in the  
production of functional products. The basic model company  
for the production of functional products in the NWFD of the  
Russian Federation may be the industrial partner of PetrSU  
LLC Trade House Yarmarka. At this enterprise, high-tech  
production will be created to produce functional products  
competitive in the domestic and foreign markets. It will also  
work out the modes and parameters of such production. This  
enterprise should provide with these products not only the  
Republic of Karelia in whose territory it is located, but also  
provide them with adjacent regions of the North of Russia (in  
our case, the North-West Federal District of the Russian  
Federation.).  
When creating progressive domestic functional products, it  
is necessary to take into account that high-quality and properly  
organized nutrition facilitates human life processes in the harsh  
climate of the north of Russia, with the right relationship  
between nutrients, especially between proteins, vitamins and  
mineral salts, playing a role in market development functional  
products necessary and meeting food safety requirements for  
residents of the regions of the north of the country is an  
innovation approach in the domestic market. Properly  
organized nutrition facilitates the processes of human life in  
harsh climates. A special role is played by the correct ratio  
between nutrients, especially between proteins, vitamins and  
mineral salts. The problems of market development of  
functional products for residents of individual regions  
(geographical principle) is an innovative approach in the  
domestic market. In the North of Russia, the target audience of  
consumers of functional products will be not only residents of  
megalopolises and large cities who work, lead an active  
lifestyle, while taking care of their health, are ready to pay for  
their free time, receiving a quality and tasty product, but also  
residents of the geographically distributed territories regions of  
the North of the country of small cities, towns, villages, people  
who use them in dachas, outdoors, on hikes, and, very  
importantly, military personnel, workers, engineering and  
administrative personnel and members of their families living  
and working in remote areas, including working on a rotational  
basis.  
Today, the transportation of food products and food raw  
materials is a complex technological process, including the  
direct transportation of products to intermediate storage points  
where food and food raw materials are stored and sorted, as  
well as transportation from intermediate storage facilities either  
to enrichment points or to the final consumer. The  
transportation of food raw materials directly from the places of  
growth is carried out mainly by road transport, since other  
modes of transport are not available, then there is an  
accumulation of food and food raw materials in specialized  
storages that meet certain storage standards and requirements.  
These storages are usually located near railway terminals where  
food and food raw materials are loaded onto wagons and  
delivered either to enrichment points or to the final consumer.  
A study of the production logistics of processing raw  
materials into functional food products for residents of the  
northern territories of the Russian Federation is necessary for  
the effective functioning (selection of parameters and operating  
modes) of technological lines for the production of functional  
products as a whole. The focus on ensuring food security in the  
northern regions of the Russian Federation through the  
formation of logistic end-to-end processes for the procurement  
of food raw materials and their production of functional food  
products from it has serious advantages over other areas of  
research. To a large extent, the prospects of the chosen research  
direction are due to the fact that the most important direction of  
the development and implementation of state policy in the field  
of food security is the creation of innovative natural food  
products based on ingredients created in the Russian Federation  
from domestic food raw materials. It is important that the  
implementation of such studies should not only be aimed at  
providing the population of the North of the Russian Federation  
with physical volumes of food, but at the need to satisfy its  
needs for high-quality and natural food, while guaranteeing  
import substitution and increasing the food safety of the North  
of the Russian Federation. In addition, ongoing and planned  
projects of the Russian Federation for the development of the  
northern territories and the Arctic, highlight these territories as  
potential for the movement of civilians and military persons to  
these territories, which also confirms the significance of the  
chosen research area.  
When choosing suppliers of food agricultural products and  
the formation of material flows and supply chains, it is  
recommended to take into account the results of the study  
justifying the choice of territories - areas of production of  
agricultural food products supplied for processing, including  
the established soil characteristics of the territories of the  
Federal Districts of the Russian Federation. The analysis  
showed that chernozem soil types are concentrated mainly in  
the Central and Southern federal districts. Only in an  
insignificant part of the Volga, Ural and Siberian districts we  
observe the distribution of relatively rich typical and ordinary  
chernozems, in the northern regions, up to 60 ° s. sh., such soils  
are absent, and water and air erosion processes are observed at  
the rock concentration sites. Thus, as the main arable land, we  
can consider mainly the land of the Southern and Central  
Federal Districts. It is also recommended to use data that the  
largest presence of agricultural holdings is noted in the Central  
and Southern Federal Districts, followed by the Volga and  
Siberian Federal Districts. Among the regions, leaders stand  
5
Conclusion  
1
. Logistics, linking territories - producers of raw materials and  
territories - producers of final products, is considered as  
logistics of an end-to-end technological process, reflecting  
the interconnection of technological operations of  
production of raw materials, formation of stocks, their  
transportation, processing of raw materials and production  
of final products from it with its subsequent launch on the  
market . It is shown that such cross-cutting processes are  
characteristic of  
a number of industries, including  
agriculture and food industry, logging and deep processing  
of wood, the generation of nuclear fuel waste, their  
packaging, transportation and storage. Such cross-cutting  
processes have a special role for the Russian economy, the  
effective development of which necessitates its provision  
7
31  
Journal of Environmental Treatment Techniques  
2020, Volume 8, Issue 2, Pages: 727-734  
with scientifically sound logistic territorial inter-regional  
and global world ties. The studies took into account that the  
regions of Russia are located in completely different natural  
and climatic zones of the country. This specificity includes  
interregional security of the population of the North of  
Russia, the manufacturer of functional food products is  
located in one of the regions of the northern territories.  
Food raw materials are recommended to be delivered under  
contracts based on the principle of “ex-enterprise” supply.  
6. The most important factors affecting the choice of suppliers  
of agricultural raw materials for the production of  
functional food products are the availability of necessary  
arable land by types of food raw materials and regions of  
the country; agricultural productivity and quality, the  
availability of reliable suppliers of food raw materials in the  
framework of end-to-end technologies for the production of  
functional food products.  
natural  
resources,  
demographic  
and  
personnel  
transformations, climatic conditions, the presence and  
prospects of economic and industrial development, the  
potential for implementing large-scale investment projects  
(including with the involvement of foreign investors), the  
state of transport infrastructure, etc.  
. Logistics in the agricultural sector and the production of  
functional food products has its own specifics. When  
2
implementing and implementing  
a
cross-cutting  
technology for the production of import-substituting  
functional foods and organizing logistics chains for the  
procurement and supply of raw materials as elements of  
cross-cutting technologies for the production of functional  
foods for the regions of the country located in these  
territories, it is recommended to take into account the  
specifics of the geographical location of the Northern  
territories of Russia, their location, huge area and extent. It  
should be taken into account that this specificity is affected  
by the most difficult natural and climatic conditions for  
living, eating, working, resting, and recovering the energy  
expended. It is recommended to introduce logistic-related  
end-to-end technologies for the harvesting, transportation  
of agricultural food raw materials and the production of  
functional food products as the most important factor in  
improving the food safety of the population living in the  
northern territories of Russia in the practice of the  
agricultural and food industry enterprises.  
. Today, the transportation of food and food raw materials is a  
complex technological process consisting of several stages  
consisting of direct transportation of products to  
intermediate storage points where food and food raw  
materials are stored and sorted, as well as transportation  
from intermediate storages or until enrichment points, or to  
the final consumer. The transportation of food raw  
materials directly from the places of growth is carried out  
mainly by road transport, since other modes of transport are  
not available, then there is an accumulation of food and  
food raw materials in specialized storages that meet certain  
storage standards and requirements. These storages are  
usually located near railway terminals where food and food  
raw materials are loaded onto wagons and delivered either  
to enrichment points or to the final consumer.  
7. When developing the composition and formulations of  
functional foods for the population of the North of Russia,  
it is recommended to take into account that the nutrition  
pattern of the peoples of the North is currently transformed  
in combination with the so-called “European” type of  
nutrition, which, in contrast to the traditional nutrition of  
the indigenous peoples of the North, significantly higher  
proportion of carbohydrate and fat intake. It is  
recommended to take into account that the population of  
the North of Russia increased the consumption of food  
saturated with carbohydrates, which led to the emergence  
of disadaptive changes in metabolic processes in the  
northern ethnic groups, and the transformation of the use  
and organization of food consumption by the indigenous  
inhabitants ceased to correspond to the corresponding  
rhythm of their digestion processes. An important urgent  
task is to determine the places of enrichment of food raw  
materials. The most likely places are the accumulation of  
food and food raw materials, as well as regions where there  
is a shortage of certain micronutrients due to their  
geographical location. In addition, the final cost of delivery  
is affected by the duration and storage conditions of food  
and food raw materials. The need to solve the problem of  
the optimal choice of ingredients that form a particular food  
product is due to the needs of the population in various food  
products. Changes in the volume of food supplies entail the  
correction of the probable supply route and, as a result, the  
costs of its implementation.  
9. As the main territories - sources of agricultural and meat raw  
materials of the agro-industrial complex of Russia for the  
implementation of end-to-end technologies for the  
production of functional food products, manufacturers and  
suppliers of these raw materials from the Southern, Central  
and Volga Federal Districts are recommended. It is the  
territories of these districts due to soil conditions that are  
favorable for growing here in large volumes of agricultural  
crops, both as raw materials for food production and for  
fodder meat production. In the Northern territories of  
Russia, in particular, in the NWFD of the Russian  
Federation, it is advisable to develop agricultural and meat  
production in some ecologically clean areas, as well as  
gather wild plants of the northern latitudes, breed northern  
animals, fish and fish using these products in the production  
of functional products. The basic model company for the  
production of functional products in the NWFD of the  
Russian Federation may be the industrial partner of PetrSU  
LLC Trade House Yarmarka. At this enterprise, high-tech  
production will be created to produce functional products  
competitive in the domestic and foreign markets. It will  
also work out the modes and parameters of such  
production. This enterprise should provide with these  
products not only the Republic of Karelia in the territory of  
which it is located, but also provide them with adjacent  
regions of the North of Russia (in our case, the North-West  
3
4
5
. One of the modern tools for increasing the efficiency of such  
a
scale of logistics costs is outsourcing. Effective  
outsourcing allows logistic customers to concentrate on  
their core business. Logistics themselves outsourcing  
individual logistics operations allows us to develop the core  
competency in logistics - supply chain management.  
. It is recommended that the development of specific logistic-  
related end-to-end technological processes for the  
procurement, transportation of agricultural food raw  
materials and the production of functional food products for  
specific enterprises be carried out taking into account the  
following methodology: raw materials and its use in the  
production of FPP. The first two technological operations  
are carried out by agricultural enterprises (independent or  
part of agricultural holdings). At the same time, the  
manufacturer of functional food products independently  
determines the suppliers of food raw materials. The  
transportation of edible agricultural raw materials is carried  
out mainly using outsourcing in the transport logistics of  
the end-to-end process. According to the general logistics  
and solving the problems of increasing food regional and  
7
32  
Journal of Environmental Treatment Techniques  
2020, Volume 8, Issue 2, Pages: 727-734  
Federal District of the Russian Federation.) Solving the  
problems of business development LLC Trade House  
Yarmarka should, using the one formed with the  
participation of in the implementation of the project, the  
scientific basis was to increase the volumes of supplies of  
its products to the markets of Russia and abroad. PetrSU  
after completion of the project should develop  
recommendations for the creation of such basic enterprises  
in the Federal Districts of the North of Russia.  
15. Alekseeva EK. Transformations in the traditional diet of the  
Tungus-speaking ethnic groups of Yakutia. Humanitarian vector.  
2
012;2:143-147.  
1
1
6. Auzan AA. Report on the development of human potential in the  
Russian Federation. Moscow: UNDP. 2012.  
7. Afonichev DN, Morkovin VA, Goptarev SM. Optimization of the  
complex process of timber removal from cutting areas. Forestry  
Journal, 2018;1(8):132-141.  
18. Baeva EV. Problems of development of rural roads. Problems of  
the regional economy. 2009;2:4-8.  
1
9. Bobylev SN, Solovieva SV, Minakov VS, Tretyakov VV.  
Ecological and economic index of the regions of the Russian  
Federation. Methodological approaches to the development of the  
environmental and economic index of the regions of the Russian  
Federation. Moscow: RIA Novosti. 2012.  
Acknowledgment  
The project “Research and development of end-to-end  
technology of functional food manufacture for achieving food  
supply security for north territories of the Russia” is carried out  
with granting by Russian Federation represented by Ministry of  
Education and Science of the Russian Federation (project  
20. Bobyshev EN. The effective functioning of the road network as a  
factor in the sustainable development of rural territories.  
Knyagino. 2012.  
2
1. Borisov VN. Restructuring of engineering as a factor in the  
development of the Russian economy. Problems of forecasting.  
identifier  
RFMEFI57717X0264,  
agreement  
No  
1
4.577.21.0264, 26.09.2017).  
1
997;6:81-90.  
2
2. Vasilkova TN, Mataev SI. Changing living conditions as a priority  
factor in the violation of actual nutrition and body composition of  
young men and women - residents of the Far North. Medical  
science and education of the Urals, 2015;2-1(82):104-107.  
References  
1
.
Feldmann A. A strategic perspective on plants in manufacturing  
networks (Doctoral dissertation, Linköping University Electronic  
Press).  
23. Verzilin VA. Organization of the use of transport in agriculture:  
Theory and practice. Voronezh. 2013.  
24. Vladimirova AS, Vasilyuk YuI. Logistics, types of logistics and  
global systems. Actual problems of economic sciences. 2016;51:  
108-112.  
2
.
Ivanovna GO, Romanovich SI, Olegovich SP, Sergeevich VA.  
Analysis of territories-sources of food raw materials for the  
implementation of cross-cutting technologies for the production of  
functional foods in Russia. EurAsian Journal of BioSciences.  
2
019;13(1):587-94.  
25. Jermain R, Gunter A. Contract Logistics and Outsourcing in  
Russia. Logistics. 2012;7(68):18-23.  
26. Dogadin SA, Nozdrachev KG, Nikolaev VG, Manchuk VT. The  
distribution of body fat and metabolic disorders in the indigenous  
people of the north of Siberia. Problems of endocrinology.  
1999;5(45):29-33.  
27. Dokhunaeva AM, Lebedeva UM, Platonova RI, et al.  
Ethnocultural nutritional skills of children and adolescents living  
in the extreme conditions of the north. Nutrition issues for the  
prevention of impaired fat metabolism and cardiovascular disease.  
2015;3(84): p.106.  
3
.
Mediavilla M, Errasti A, Mendibil K. Framework for assessing the  
strategic plant role and deploying an improvement roadmap in  
global operations networks: an empirical study. Production  
Planning & Control. 2015 Jul 27;26(10):799-823.  
Miltenburg J. Setting manufacturing strategy for a company's  
international manufacturing network. International journal of  
production research. 2009 Nov 15;47(22):6179-203.  
Miltenburg J. Changes in manufacturing facility-, network-, and  
strategy-types at the Michelin North America Company from 1950  
to 2014. International Journal of Production Research. 2015 May  
4
5
.
.
1
9;53(10):3175-91.  
28. Ignatov TA, Kulagin VA, Moskvichev VV, Popkov VA. The use  
of cavitation technology in the processes of handling spent nuclear  
fuel. Ecology and Industry of Russia. 2016;10(20):4-10.  
29. Kaznacheev VP. Modern aspects of adaptation. Novosibirsk. 2000.  
30. Kalukhov AV. Transport service of agriculture: issues and  
solutions. Economics, labor, management in agriculture.  
2011;3(8):62-65.  
31. Kapilevich AN, Tryapichkin VA, Sachek SM, et al. Import-  
substituting production of transport packaging sets with cast iron  
bodies with spherical graphite. Foundry. 2018;1:2-11.  
32. Karlik EM, Gradov AP. The economic efficiency of concentration  
and specialization of production in mechanical engineering:  
Fundamentals of theory and methodology. Leningrad: Mechanical  
engineering. Leningrad Separation. 1983.  
6
7
.
.
Odlis DB, Rudakov MN, Shegelman IR. Main directions of the  
reproduction of the life cycles of a post-soviet machine-building  
enterprise. International Journal of Applied Engineering Research.  
2
015;10(20):41038-45.  
Shegelman IR, Vasilev AS, Galaktionov ON. Building  
a
Knowledge Base for Developing New Technical Solutions for the  
Development of Forest Roads Network. International Journal of  
innovative Technology and Exploring Engineering (IJITEE).  
2
019;8(2):638-46.  
8
9
.
.
SHEGELMAN IR, VASILIEV AS, SHCHUKIN PO. The  
Analysis of Experience of Advanced Countries in Solving Food  
Security Problems. Astra Salvensis. 2018 Jan 4.  
Shegelman IR, Vasilev AS, Sukhanov YV et al. Use of Knowledge  
Base for Improving Equipment for Preparatory Works in Forest  
Areas (By Example of Increment Borer and Tree Caliper).  
International Journal of Recent Technology and Engineering  
33. Kirina IV. Application of transport logistics methods in supply  
chain management. Moscow. 2011.  
34. Kozlovskaya MV. The phenomenon of nutrition in the evolution  
and history of man. Moscow. 2002.  
(
IJRTE). 2019;2(10):552-560.  
1
1
0. Shegel'man IR, Romanov AV, Vasil'ev AS, Shchukin PO.  
Scientific and technical aspects of creating spent nuclear fuel  
shipping and storage equipment. Yaderna Fyizika ta Energetika.  
35. Korshunov VA. Production logistics in the context of general  
logistics. Bulletin of the educational consortium University of  
Central Russia. Series: Economics and Management. 2014;4:. 86-  
90.  
36. Lebedev EA, Mirotin LB, Pokrovsky AK. Innovative processes in  
logistics. Moscow: Infra-Engineering. 2019.  
37. Levin B, Mirotin L. Institute of Logistics and Supply Chains (or  
Logistics and Supply Systems). Logistics. 2016;12(121):51-54.  
38. Mamontov IYu. Peculiarities of managing the logistics supply  
chains of goods in the Russian Federation by the example of cargo  
delivery by the company Transcontainer. Transport: science,  
technology, management. 2012;5: 59-61.  
39. Matveev OA. The organizational and economic mechanism of  
food supply of the northern territories (Based on materials of the  
Republic of Sakha (Yakutia). Moscow. 1999.  
2
013;14(1):33-7.  
1. Shi* Y, Gregory M. Emergence of global manufacturing virtual  
networks and establishment of new manufacturing infrastructure  
for faster innovation and firm growth. Production planning &  
control. 2005 Sep 1;16(6):621-31.  
2. Agadzhanyan NA, Marachev AG, Bobkov GA Ecological  
physiology of man. Moscow: Kruk. 1999.  
3. Agadzhanyan NA, Petrova PG. Man in the North. Moscow:  
AGMA. 1996.  
4. Agbalyan E. Arctic Nutritionology. Palmarium Academic  
Publishing. 2012.  
1
1
1
7
33  
Journal of Environmental Treatment Techniques  
2020, Volume 8, Issue 2, Pages: 727-734  
4
4
0. Moreyskaya SB. The evolution of logistics and approaches to the  
essence of the concept of logistics as an economic and managerial  
activity. Bulletin of the Voronezh Institute of Economics and  
Social Management. 2017;1:45-49.  
1. Moronova, O.G. Economic affordability of food as a component  
of food security in the regions of the European North. Problems of  
development of the territory. 2012;4(60):35-43.  
4
4
2. Mochalin SM, Levkin GG, Terentyev AV, Zarudnev DI. Logistics.  
Moscow: Direct Media. 2016.  
3. Muratov OE, Tikhonov MN, Rylov MI. Nuclear and radiation  
heritage in the North-West of Russia: ensuring nuclear and  
radiation safety, the role of the public. Ecology of industrial  
production. 2014;1(85):34-45.  
4
4. Odlis DB. Integrational aspects of the development of the regional  
engineering complex in the conditions of market transformation.  
Petrozavodsk: Publishing House of PetrSU. 2013.  
4
4
5. Orel OA. Logistics as a factor in the strategic development of an  
enterprise. St. Petersburg. 2006.  
6. Penyaz IM. Logistics of transport systems news of logistics and the  
market of transport and logistics services in Russia and abroad.  
Integrated Logistics. 2015;5:2-3.  
4
4
7. Plotkin BK. Synergetic effect of logistics: synergism in logistics.  
Modern aspects of the economy. 2012;10(182):48-54.  
8. Plotnikov AP. Management of innovative development of