Journal of Environmental Treatment Techniques  
2020, Volume 8, Issue 3, Pages: 1136-1139  
J. Environ. Treat. Tech.  
ISSN: 2309-1185  
Journal web link: http://www.jett.dormaj.com  
Application of an Interdisciplinary Approach to  
the Implementation of Projects to Create a  
Comfortable Environment for Human Life  
Timur Ablyazov*  
Saint Petersburg State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering,4 Vtoraya Krasnoarmeiskaya, 190005, Saint Petersburg, Russian Federation  
Received: 06/04/2020  
Accepted: 14/07/2020  
Published: 20/09/2020  
Abstract  
In modern conditions of globalization and urbanization, the development of territories is reaching a qualitatively new level  
associated with the mainstreaming of digital technologies in the human environment. Nowadays, we understand the development of  
the territory as comprehensive improvement of systems and infrastructures in order to increase the comfort, quality and safety of life  
of the population. An interdisciplinary approach plays a key role in the development of territories, since the successful implementation  
of such projects requires the involvement of specialists from different fields to develop an integrated solution that meets the needs of  
the population to the possible extent. The article explains the relevance of applying an interdisciplinary approach to the development  
of territories, analyzes the world experience of interdisciplinary interaction in solving problems of creating a comfortable environment  
for human life. It considers the existing approaches of interdisciplinary interaction in the development of territories within the  
framework of concepts such as “smart city” and “programmable city”, and also reveals the problems of the development of territories  
that can be solved through the application of an interdisciplinary approach. As a result of work the principles of interdisciplinary  
interaction in the implementation of projects for the development of territories were developed. The ways to solve existing problems  
in the field of the development of territories within the framework of applying an interdisciplinary approach were proposed.  
Keywords: Territorial development, Interdisciplinary approach, “Smart city”, Digital technologies, Urbanization  
1
Introduction  
Currently, territorial development processes, including  
urbanization, are integral to the gradual spread of digital  
technologies that transform the human environment.  
According to experts, in 1950, 30% of the world population  
lived in cities, in 2018 - already 55%, and by 2050 this  
indicator is projected to grow to 70% [1]. Right now 27 largest  
megacities consume 9% of all world electricity, while creating  
interdisciplinary approach that allows the interaction of  
various urban structures to be established, which leads to the  
most justified and effective development of the territory in the  
context of urbanization and the global growth of information  
flows.  
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2 Literature review  
The scientific community recognizes that the analysis of  
the process of development of territories in the context of  
urbanization and digital transformation of the human  
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3% of household waste in the world [2]. Accordingly, such a  
concentration of the population and the flows of goods and  
services within the cities will lead to the transformation of the  
human environment, and even more advanced technologies  
will constantly be required to maintain the sustainability of the  
city’s life support systems. Currently, such a concept as a  
environment requires  
a comprehensive approach based  
primarily on interdisciplinary interaction. In the most global  
sense, solutions in the field of the development of the human  
environment are understood as one of the directions of  
spatially oriented modeling [4]. It is also believed that in the  
coming decades it will be necessary to study more deeply the  
mutual influence of societies and energy consumption systems  
on each other, which is associated with an increase in both  
production volumes and direct energy consumption by the  
population [5, 6]. Moreover, scientists analyzed the types of  
urban processes in terms of their rate of change under the  
influence of digital technologies [7, 8]: the slowest  
transformation occurs in the processes of transport and  
smart city” is being increasingly discussed, which generally  
means the development of territories through the use of digital  
technologies in order to improve the quality of life of the  
population and ensure sustainable economic growth. The  
concept of “smart city” implies changes in all spheres of life -  
from education to utilities and public administration [3].  
However, the territory should be an integral structure,  
therefore it is critical to integrate all the information collected  
to further comprehensive analysis. It is the application of an  
*
Correspondence author: Timur Ablyazov, Saint Petersburg State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering,4 Vtoraya  
Krasnoarmeiskaya, 190005, Saint Petersburg, Russian Federation. Email: 3234969@mail.ru.  
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Journal of Environmental Treatment Techniques  
2020, Volume 8, Issue 3, Pages: 1136-1139  
communal infrastructures, which is associated with the need to  
replace obsolete physical objects with more advanced ones;  
slightly faster changes are possible in the processes of creating  
housing and non-residential buildings, since the cycle of  
design and construction of facilities is long; relatively rapid  
changes in employment are possible, and even more rapid  
transformations in mobility flows of goods and population. It  
should be noted that information is not always distinguished as  
a separate category of urban processes, since this concept is  
already implied in the composition of modern information and  
communication technologies [9, 10].  
Since the end of the 20th century, considerable attention  
has been paid to such a concept as a “smart city”, through the  
creation of which the development of the human environment  
is supposed, and so far this approach has become one of the  
main directions of urban development [11], which is expressed  
in the ideas of transnational dissemination of the concept  
processes at the state level. Another area of interdisciplinary  
interaction is an attempt to apply the results of archaeological  
research to solve the problems of territorial development. The  
systematization of the theory of urbanism is inextricably  
linked with ancient civilizations and cities. Modern archeology  
pays increasing attention to the territorial growth of ancient  
cities, the reasons for the emergence of "informal housing" not  
controlled by the ruling elites (as, for example, in the Mexican  
city of Teotihuacan, in which the so-called "right to the city"  
existed) [21]. Such a combination of archeology and urbanism  
allows not only a better understanding of history, but also  
creates the basis for the most complete understanding of the  
processes of territorial development in the modern world. If  
you look at the problems closer to people's lives, then an  
interdisciplinary approach is also crucial for developing  
solutions to address them. Forest fires in Australia cause  
irreparable environmental damage, lead to the death of  
residents, the natural world, animals, so scientists conducted a  
study to assess the risk of fires in Victoria in Australia. As a  
result, it was determined that the application of an  
interdisciplinary approach is critical to reducing fire losses,  
since the occurrence and spread of fire is affected by physical,  
meteorological factors, human behavior, and construction  
technology, and urban planning can play a key role in  
maintaining housing [22]. It is important that modern experts  
in risk assessment, land use planning, environmentalists,  
firefighters, etc. should understand the importance of an  
interdisciplinary approach and be able to work in the  
conditions of its application.  
Smart city” [12, 13]. On the one hand, it is said that all  
megacities and cities will gradually come to the concept of  
smart cities”, which will lead not only to technical updating  
of systems, but also to profound socio-political  
transformations associated with the widespread adoption of  
technologies and the subsequent data collection [14, 15]. One  
of the main elements of the “smart city” is digital platforms,  
through which the interaction of subjects of socio-economic  
relations is ensured. That contributes to the development of  
territories by attracting financial and labor resources, tangible  
and intangible assets [16]. On the other hand, the importance  
of a critical attitude to this concept and the possibility of  
choosing alternative solutions is noted [17].  
As a result of another research, it was found that the  
development of territories implies the improvement of  
relations between such categories as population, localities,  
traditions and cultural values, which is expressed in an  
interdisciplinary examination by specialists of buildings, the  
environment and landscape of the territory [23]. Using the  
example of Fujian Region in China the ways of transforming  
the city of XibinZhen were proposed and optimally integrated  
into the landscape of the riverine territory, taking into account  
the existing agricultural approaches in the area [23]. In this  
project, it was proved that it is an interdisciplinary approach  
that allows developing territories taking into account many  
factors, including architecture, socio-cultural traditions and  
customs, territorial zoning and environmental conservation  
tasks. Also one of the innovations in territorial development  
based on interdisciplinary interaction is the emergence of  
dashboards - platforms on which citizens, organizations and  
government officials can see key performance indicators of the  
city in real time and analyze these evidence to make their own  
decisions. In Dublin, as part of the Programmable City project,  
a similar initiative was implemented - the Dublin Dashboard  
portal, which graphically combines information from city  
authorities, statistical agencies, including the European Union,  
and other organizations [24]. In the UK, there is also a similar  
platform, launched in London in 2012, which visually  
combines data on weather, air quality, transport  
communication and traffic, local news, data from cameras and  
sensors installed in the city, and also shows the “happiness  
index” and “influence analysis ”based on information from  
social networks [24]. Thus, the interdisciplinary approach has  
established itself as an effective method of interaction between  
specialists in various fields of knowledge in the  
implementation of territorial development complex projects.  
Currently, the scientific community more and more pays  
The development of an interdisciplinary approach is one  
of the sources for harmonization of comfortable living  
environment. As it mentioned previously, the development of  
territories is considered in conjunction with social changes,  
which cannot be realized without the interaction of specialists  
from various fields of knowledge. Early studies substantiated  
the importance of an interdisciplinary approach to the food  
supply of urban populations in developing countries, which  
highlighted such traditional approaches as historical,  
demographic, economic, sociological, geographical, urban  
planning, logistics and legal [18]. The application of an  
interdisciplinary approach to the development of territories is  
usually considered from the point of combining such areas of  
knowledge as urban planning, mathematical modeling, the  
philosophy of pragmatism [19], data coding, etc. It also allows  
deeper consideration of various aspects of the interaction of  
previously isolated areas, which is reflected in the framework  
of territorial development projects based on the introduction of  
digital technologies.  
3
Methods  
Currently, territorial development processes are  
considered from various points of view basing on the  
application of an interdisciplinary approach. So, there are  
already studies integrating social sciences, neurobiology and  
psychiatry in order to study the urban problems of the modern  
world. Scientists concluded that, compared to the residents of  
suburban areas, urban residents have an anxiety rate of 21%  
higher, the level of disturbances in their emotional state is 39%  
higher, and schizophrenia is 2 times more common [20]. Such  
an application of an interdisciplinary approach will make it  
possible to more effectively solve public health problems by  
developing approaches to the management of urbanization  
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2020, Volume 8, Issue 3, Pages: 1136-1139  
attention to correlation between the capabilities of digital  
technologies and the effects of their implementation in the  
human environment, which determines the need for further  
interdisciplinary study of the processes of territorial  
development.  
does not stand still, and increasingly complex tasks for the  
development of territories can no longer be solved solely on  
the basis of the interaction of specialists in local disparate  
projects. Now, the scope of the consideration of the territory  
development process should not be limited to the city, as the  
mobility of the population is growing, the flows of tangible  
and intangible benefits are becoming more complicated, new  
ways of interacting the population with government bodies on  
the basis of electronic portals appear, tools for managing  
systems in the field of communal infrastructure are  
developing, etc. In recent years, the scientific community has  
been paying close attention to software as such, its essence and  
content, in particular codes - the core of all digital technologies  
4
Results  
Territory development is a process of multidimensional  
improvement of the living environment, which includes tasks  
from various fields of knowledge. In general, the territory can  
be represented as a system of integrated elements, consisting  
of a set of activities, needs and restrictions, flows and stocks  
of goods and services, as well as impact factors (Figure. 1).  
The flows and stocks of goods and services can be  
quantified, such as, for example, energy (kW), road traffic  
[26, 27, 28]. The result of combining the achievements of  
scientific and technological progress and the process of  
territorial development is the concept of a “programmable  
city”, the key idea of which is to study the relationship of  
digital technologies (software) and city systems (the city)  
using codes (Figure 2).  
(
cars/h), water consumption (l/day), assets (rubles, dollars,  
etc.), materials (tons). They may be less prone to measurement  
intangible assets such as information and human capital). By  
(
stocks is meant a quantity at a certain point in time, and by  
flows is a quantity arriving or, conversely, coming from stocks  
per unit of time. So, the number of cars in the population is the  
stock, and the flow is the number of cars on the way from point  
A to point B for a certain hour, taking into account the capacity  
of the road network. Electricity is an exceptional case and, as  
a rule, it is initially a stream, since the reserves of resources in  
the form of liquid or solid fuel are not stored for a long period  
of time or are purchased in small volumes for private  
consumption. Also, some flows and stocks are extremely  
volatile (information), while land resources in terms of  
permitted use categories and housing stock require a long  
period of time to change them. The flows and stocks of goods  
and services exist in conjunction with the types of activities  
implemented on the territory. Activities can be economic  
It was found that, on the one hand, the processes taking  
place in the city are translated into a code representation.  
Information about residents and the environment is collected  
through digital systems and sensors, brought to the most  
optimal way of storage and presentation, aggregated in data  
centers to further analysis. Therefore, the developers of  
software related to the solution of economic, political, social  
problems form the basis on which managers will rely when  
making decisions at the city level, therefore, interdisciplinary  
interaction is critically important. Moreover, the territories  
themselves largely determine the processes of software  
development and become growth promoting factors of the  
frequency of applying the interdisciplinary approach. Silicon  
Valley in the USA, Boston, New York, Toronto, Singapore,  
London, Berlin and some others are the world centers where  
digital technologies specialists are concentrated. The features  
of these territories are the availability of venture capital, tax  
remissions, as well as the high degree of digitalization of these  
cities, which the authorities are trying to only increase. On the  
other hand, software codes change the city operation.  
Collecting big data allows you to analyze a huge amount of  
information previously scattered across various systems. Now,  
with the help of digital technologies, it has become possible to  
automatically combine information from many sources, and  
hence the development of new, previously unobvious solutions  
at an interdisciplinary level. Even today, territorial  
management is based on information systematically collected  
for various categories of economic entities, which has largely  
changed the life processes of cities. Moreover, digital  
technologies have changed the way they work: it is already  
impossible to imagine a workplace that is not equipped with  
one or another software. Currently, territorial development  
models suggest the possibility of unification of technological  
solutions in order to transfer them to other situations. Separate  
agglomerations create their own strategies for the development  
of territories, “road maps” in certain areas, such as energy  
conservation and environmental conservation [30]. As a rule,  
capitals become the standard of digital transformation, their  
practice is transferred to other cities of the country. Moreover,  
the possibility of transnational exchange of experience in the  
development of territories is not denied.  
(including education and employment), political, social (food,  
cleaning, childcare), etc. The mobility of the population,  
tangible and intangible benefits can act as a separate type of  
activity, as well as a stage preceding the above types of  
activity. Activities are usually assigned to a specific space and  
time. Needs and restrictions are the causes of a particular  
activity, and they can be both individual and dictated by  
society. An example is the initial desire of people to have a  
personal vehicle as a status element, which has become a  
necessity over the time, as some territories are planned so that  
transportation becomes uncomfortable and takes a lot of time  
than going by personal car [25].  
The last element of concerned system is the factors that  
influence all of the above, including socio-cultural (norms and  
values), economic (phases of the economic cycle), political,  
demographic, environmental (climate change and resource  
reserves), etc. Note that one of the factors influencing the  
development of territories is urbanization. Currently,  
urbanization is no longer considered by scientists separately,  
since the processes of territorial development have gone  
beyond the traditional concepts of urban growth and the influx  
of population from rural areas. Now, with the development of  
territories, the main goals are the harmonization of flows  
within and outside the city and the improvement of comfort,  
quality and safety of life, which cannot be realized without an  
interdisciplinary approach. Scientific and technical progress  
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