Journal of Environmental Treatment Techniques  
2020, Volume 8, Issue 3, Pages: 1151-1156  
J. Environ. Treat. Tech.  
ISSN: 2309-1185  
Journal web link: http://www.jett.dormaj.com  
Research of the Drinking Water Quality in Wells and  
Fountains of Villages in Gjakova Municipality in  
Kosovo  
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Sadija Kadriu , Milaim Sadiku , Mensur Kelmendi , Bleona Tahiraj , Mehush Aliu , Arbër  
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Hyseni , Agron Shala  
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Department of Technology, University of Mitrovica, “Isa Boletini”, Mitrovicë, Kosova  
Hydro-meteorological Institute of Kosova, Rruga Lidhja e Pejës 47, 10000, Prishtinë, Kosova  
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Received: 03/07/2020  
Accepted: 13/07/2020  
Published: 20/09/2020  
Abstract  
It is known that the issue of obtaining sufficient drinking water, this vital element without which there can be no life on earth, as in the  
past also today is and remains a serious concern for humanity in general. Therefore, the purpose of this paper is to study the drinking water  
quality in villages Hereç, Gërçinë and Damjan in Gjakova Municipality. Water was tested for organoleptic, physico-chemical, and  
microbiological parameters, and sensory methods and analytical techniques, classical and instrumental ones were aplied. The results of the  
analysis are compared with the standard values of the EU Directive 98/83 on the quality of water for human consumption. The obtained  
results prove that the drinking water is contaminated with Mn, with 0.059mg / l in the villages Herec, in Gercine 0.052mg / l and in Damjan  
with a concentration of 0.07mg / l. Meanwhile, we have encountered microbial contamination in two sampling sites in Gercine and in one  
sampling site in Damjan. Therefore, the evidence for the presence of Mn and microbial contamination, justify the aim of this work.  
Keywords: Drinking waters, Gjakova villages, Analysis, Contamination, Manganese, Microbial contamination  
Introduction1  
groundwater source since they are easily accessible and usually  
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provide clean drinking water (3). Dug wells are distributed all  
over the rural and semi urban areas, mostly as private wells  
associated with single family homesteads (4). Gjakova with its  
surrounding, our object of study, is located between geographic  
latitude 42022’ and geographic longitude 20026’, on the left shore  
of Erenik River, east of Çabrat Plateau, on both sides of Krena  
River, at an average altitude of 365 m. The average temperature  
in July is 21.50C, and in January -90C. Summer months are dry,  
and winters are wet. The average precipitation is 959.3 mm (5).  
The physico-chemical quality of drinking water is also based on  
hydrogeological criteria. These criteria relate to the type of water  
layer feeding, the composition and structure of the terrain, the  
level of protection of the water layer etc (6).  
The issue of acquiring sufficient drinking water in many  
settlements in Kosovo, as in many other countries in the world,  
has been and remains the basic problem for organizing the life  
quality in the geographical space where humans wish to construct  
and organize their settlements. In this context, springs were  
largely responsible for determining the sites of ancient  
settlements (1). Water is the main natural resource and essential  
human need without which life on earth is unthinkable. Water is  
a major natural source and basic human need for life. In recent  
decades, groundwater has become an essential resource due to its  
purity and availability (2).  
Lack of sufficient drinking water, both in the past and now,  
often, not only it has caused major demographic movements  
around the world, but there have also been cases of sporadic  
conflicts and major wars for controlling and owning sufficient  
water resources. Even today, in many Kosovo settlements, lack of  
water has created new demographic realities, as with the increase  
of population, insufficient water reservoirs have affected the  
population movement from one settlement to another, i.e. from  
Hasi region to Gjilan area, as well as in many other areas in  
Kosovo lacking water. Yet, springs are still an important  
World Health Organization (WHO) 1993 documented that  
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0% of pathogenic diseases in human beings are caused by  
contaminated water and the valuation of water quality in  
developing countries has become a critical problem in last few  
years (7). The purpose of this study is to assess the water quality  
in villages Hereç, Gërçinë and Damjan of Gjakova Municipality,  
based on the physico-chemical and microbiological parameters,  
which justifies the drinking water quality.  
Corresponding author: Sadija Kadriu, University of  
Mitrovica,“Isa Boletini”; Email: sadija.kadriu@umib.net.  
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