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Disaster Response and Potentials of Social Capital
Waheed, Arshad Ali
Volume 5 | Issue 4 | Pages: 114-117
The paper examines the hidden potentials of social capital in disaster response
especially with reference to societal construct of Pakistan. Reference had been
made in the paper to tribal culture of FATA (Federal Administrative Tribal
Agency) in managing local emergencies and recovery seen in Swat owing to spirit
latent in their society.
Social capital allows
people and societies to manage action to achieve desired goals. It has proved to
be an important product in shaping regional development models and since
managing disasters is a function of development, this form of capital has a
definite impact on managing disasters.
In Pakistan, the social structure of families is interwoven with trust,
traditional values, religious motivation and cultural bindings. This allows them
retain capacity to withstand odds in severe conditions at their own without
outside support. They strive to generate their own volunteers in case of any
calamity. Recent examples are the resilience of people of Swat in 2009 military
operations and by urban residents of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KPK) in 2010 Floods.
Finally, the dissertation offers some pliable recommendations and a road map to
strengthen social capital in effective disaster response.
Social systems, social capital, human
capital, inter-personal trust, resource potential